The thomistic proofs for the non existence of God


José Juan Escandell


Espíritu: ISSN 0014-0716, Year 68, Issue 157, 2019, pages 99-118




Examination of the arguments that St Thomas Aquinas gives to support the non-existence of God, which are contained in the Summa Theologiae. The first argument relies on the existence of evil; the second rests on the self-sufficiency of the world and of freedom.
Texts are introduced, and the fact that this arguments are a historical novelty with no located records is shown.
The two atheistic Thomistic arguments are studied. Regarding the first one, the author shows the sense given by Duns Scotus and by the great commentators (Cayetano, Báñez and John of St Thomas). Regarding the second one, the nexus with the atheistic modern discussions and with the concept of autonomy is shown.
The work is concluded with the draft of a general theory of atheistic arguments and their main classification.

Key words:

Thomas Aquinas, Duns Scotus, Cayetano, Báñez, John of St Thomas, Atheism, Theism, Evil, Freedom, ontology, metaphysics, nature, God.


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