The Crisis of the Concept of Person in the Modern Psychology and Its Origins


Ermanno Pavesi


Espíritu: ISSN 0014-0716, Year 2010, Year 59, Issue 139, pages 91-116




The crisis of the modern civilisation is an anthropological one. First, Luther denied the free will. Then, other philosophers and theologians as Arnold Geulincx and Friedrich Schleiermacher have criticized the idea of man as a rational being endowed with free will. Finally, the founders of important psychological schools (Sigmund Freud, Carl Gustav Jung, Erich Fromm and Carl Rogers) describe the forces (natural, biological and social) that would determine the man, offer purely naturalistic interpretations of the human condition and discount his personal dimension

Key words:

person, free will, Schleier macher, depth psychology, naturalism



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