From Ta Metá Ta Physika to Metaphysics

After Aristotle’s death his philosophical legacy was soon forgotten to be returned only after three centuries due to the new edition started to be produced first by Tyrannion and then accomplished by Andronicus of Rhodes. The works of the Stagyrite were subjected to a procedure typical of Hellenistic culture called commentary; they were written not only in Hellenistic circles, but also over the course of time in Syrian, Arab, and Latin circles. In this article I try to analyse the four ways of approaching Aristotle’s philosophy: 1) it is a coherent whole; 2) there is a unity between Plato and Aristotle in favour of Plato (ancient Neo-Platonism); 3) Aristotle’s philosophy is a part of a Neo-Platonic system (Arab commentators); 4) autonomous, Christian or Neo-Platonic? controversies between Christian commentators. Saint Thomas Aquinas can be an example of a commentator who tried to keep a distance to Aristotle’s Metaphysics, as a work to be explained and not to be artificially Christianized