Exegesis and Contemplation. The Literal and Spiritual Sense of Scripture in Aquinas Biblical Commentaries

In recent years a growing interest in Biblical exegesis of Aquinas has been observed. Finally, after a long period of silence on this theme, new texts have appeared which present the characteristics of the method of Aquinas’s exegesis and its content. The aim of this article is to go further and focus on the specific nature of Thomas’ “exegetic epistemology” and the status of its spiritual sense, the significance of which has been the subject of debate between Smalley and De Lubac. The characteristic aspect of this exegetic approach is to emphasize the role of contemplation in exegesis, not only as a theme, but also as a fundamental position of an exegete towards the inspired text.

Searching for a Knowledge of Life. Juan Zaragüeta’s Writing about the Certainty in Newman, Balmes and the Scholasticism

Juan Zaragüeta, Spanish philosopher from the Basque Country (1883-1974), Cardinal Mercier’s disciple, published an article comparing the criteriology of Cardinal Newman to the Catalonian philosopher during the centenary of Jaime Balmes death (1948). In this writing he warns about lots of coincidences in both authors, which show a similar attitude towards the search for a knowledge for and about life. A knowledge for every man, and not only for the philosopher. It thus goes beyond the demonstrative character of scholastic philosophy to a life’s epistemology.

The Controversies Regarding the Grace and the Genesis of Atheist Humanism

The humanism arising from the Christian concept of man falls into crisis with the emergence of atheistic humanism of 19th and 20th centuries (Feuerbach, Bakunin, Marx, Nietzsche, Sartre). Nédoncelle and Maritain agree on identifying the roots of this new approach in the problem of the relationship between nature and grace which arose in Patristic and Scholastic theology.

However, it seems to be rather Luther´s negative view of man that is responsible for the anthropology which underlies atheistic humanism.

Teaching as Ministry, on the basis of Considerations of Saint Thomas Aquinas

The paper emphasizes that the acts of charity are intrinsic to the nature of the process of teaching and learning. The act of education is a unique connection of contemplative and active life. The act of education frees the evil from the man who experiences it. This evil –explained St. Thomas– is ignorance, lack of knowledge and understanding of the truth. Every person has the right to education because it is his natural and necessary good, by which he improves his personal life.

Teacher’s work appears as a very important and responsible occupation; the acquisition of knowledge about reality and its transmission.

The Expression “liber est causa sui” as an Element of a Theory of Subjectivity in Thomas Aquinas

This article analyzes the syntagma causa sui to seek an understanding of human liberty in the thought of Aquinas, in light of recent research.

The thomistic causa sui finds its inspiration from Aristotle and denotes the final causality of the agent. Some sustain that in Thomas, it acquires new connotations, that is, it implies the efficient causality of the subject. The author reviews the use of syntagma in the main thomistic authors so as to individuate the sense in which it is used in these contexts and later confirm whether it can be used as a valid element for a thomistic theory of subjectivity.

The Presence of Aristotle in Saint Thomas Aquinas’ Treatise of Temperance

An introduction describes the meaning of temperance in the philosophy of Plato, Aristotle and the Stoa. Ambrose considered it a cardinal virtue. Thomas brings clarity by dividing temperance into integral, subjective and the potential parts. Can a virtue be opposed to natural inclinations? Temperance does not withhold us from those pleasures which are conform to reason, it concerns the pleasures of touch consecutive on operations, ordained to the conservation of the individual and the species. Contrary vices intemperance and insensitivity. An integral part is feeling shamed. Subjective parts are abstinence and fasting, chastity and purity.

Finally, the so called potential parts are mentioned such as clemency, studiousness and curiosity.

Franz Brentano y Tomás de Aquino

Santo Tomás tuvo siempre gran importancia en el pensamiento de Brentano. Su formación estuvo ligada al nacimiento de la así llamada “Neoescolástica” alemana (Neuscholastik), un proyecto que marcó su carrera incluso muchos años después de su abandono de la Iglesia católica.

Número 152

Año 65 | 2016 Artículos The presence of Aristotle in Saint Thomas Aquinas’: Treatise of temperance Leo J. Elders La expresión “liber est causa sui” como elemento para una teoría de la subjetividad en Tomás de Aquino Maria Aracoeli Beroch La fonamentació filosòfica de...