The Controversies Regarding the Grace and the Genesis of Atheist Humanism

The humanism arising from the Christian concept of man falls into crisis with the emergence of atheistic humanism of 19th and 20th centuries (Feuerbach, Bakunin, Marx, Nietzsche, Sartre). Nédoncelle and Maritain agree on identifying the roots of this new approach in the problem of the relationship between nature and grace which arose in Patristic and Scholastic theology.

However, it seems to be rather Luther´s negative view of man that is responsible for the anthropology which underlies atheistic humanism.

Teaching as Ministry, on the basis of Considerations of Saint Thomas Aquinas

The paper emphasizes that the acts of charity are intrinsic to the nature of the process of teaching and learning. The act of education is a unique connection of contemplative and active life. The act of education frees the evil from the man who experiences it. This evil –explained St. Thomas– is ignorance, lack of knowledge and understanding of the truth. Every person has the right to education because it is his natural and necessary good, by which he improves his personal life.

Teacher’s work appears as a very important and responsible occupation; the acquisition of knowledge about reality and its transmission.

The Expression “liber est causa sui” as an Element of a Theory of Subjectivity in Thomas Aquinas

This article analyzes the syntagma causa sui to seek an understanding of human liberty in the thought of Aquinas, in light of recent research.

The thomistic causa sui finds its inspiration from Aristotle and denotes the final causality of the agent. Some sustain that in Thomas, it acquires new connotations, that is, it implies the efficient causality of the subject. The author reviews the use of syntagma in the main thomistic authors so as to individuate the sense in which it is used in these contexts and later confirm whether it can be used as a valid element for a thomistic theory of subjectivity.

The Presence of Aristotle in Saint Thomas Aquinas’ Treatise of Temperance

An introduction describes the meaning of temperance in the philosophy of Plato, Aristotle and the Stoa. Ambrose considered it a cardinal virtue. Thomas brings clarity by dividing temperance into integral, subjective and the potential parts. Can a virtue be opposed to natural inclinations? Temperance does not withhold us from those pleasures which are conform to reason, it concerns the pleasures of touch consecutive on operations, ordained to the conservation of the individual and the species. Contrary vices intemperance and insensitivity. An integral part is feeling shamed. Subjective parts are abstinence and fasting, chastity and purity.

Finally, the so called potential parts are mentioned such as clemency, studiousness and curiosity.

The Originality of the Concept of Subsistence in the work of Jacques Maritain

Jacques Maritain presents Thomism as the most valid form of existentialism inasmuch as it affirms the primacy of existence yet without denying the essence, as many existentialists have done. In that primordial metaphysical relation, subsistence is the mode or state of the essence that introduces it into the existential order so that, in this way, it can exist. This concept, which begins with formulations that are very close to those proposed by Cajetan, are developed with a particular vision of Thomistic existentialism and in it his personalism finds its metaphysical foundation. The objective of this work is present precisely this notion and its development in the thought of Maritain.

Obediential potency in Francisco Suárez’ De beatitudine

The aim of this article is to introduce Francisco Suárez’s definition of obediential potency in the context of one of his first essays: De beatitudine. When analysing this notion, we are able to understand the link between deity and human agency, and also give account of Suárez’s progressive distancing from Aristotle and Aquinas. His conception of obediential potency manifests the novelty of his philosophical system, where human autonomy and will are highlighted, and, at the same time, it represents the confluence point of his metaphysical, theological and ethical theses.

The collative aprehension of the natural estimative in Thomas Aquinas

Although it has occasionally been mentioned in some Thomistic studies in recent decades, the collative act of natural estimative has not been the subject of a detailed research. Due to the intrinsic complexity of the particular intentio, formal object of this faculty, its apprehension involves an articulation or collatio between two instances: the condition of the cognizer and the nature of the singular represented by the imagination. This confrontation becomes more complex to the extent that different intentiones come together in the same cognizer, mainly thanks to the operation of memory.

Finality, command and action

The present article constitutes an attempt to show how the concept of imperium (command) in Thomas Aquinas, read in light of authors such as Alejandro Vigo and Harry Frankfurt, contributes to the understanding of the action in the context of the human life.
It is when the free action is considered in light of the imperium that we recognize it as something more than itself: more than the effect of an impulse, more than a corporal movement, more than an isolated act from a sole operative principle.
Such something more means that an action can contain, in its apparent meaningless reality, the very purpose of a life.

Three medieval examples of “pure love”: The cathar heresy, Peter Abelard’s doctrine of the love of God and the “pure love” of Heloise

We focus on three medieval examples of pure love – the conception of love in the Cathar heresy, which is manifested in the legend of Tristan and Isolde, Peter Abelard’s doctrine of the love of God and the pure love of Heloise -, to show that there is a philosophical and theological conception of love. Allows us to draw a general conclusion: behind the myth of romantic love there is a secret that has to do with death. Since there is a close correlation between the way we understand human love and the way we understand man’s love for God, an error in the interpretation of the one inevitably leads to an erroneous interpretation of the other.

Jesus, he who is he. The Burning Bush after the empty Sepulchre

“God, he who is”, revealed himself by manifesting his Name and his Glory. Understanding the deep meaning of the words “YHWH” and “Jesus”, and the circumstances in which they were revealed, is fundamental for a better understanding of the divine nature. The Glory of God, visible in the manna. (Ex 16, 4), Sinai (Ex 24, 15), the Tabernacle (Ex 40, 34) and the Temple (2 Cro 5, 11), ceased to be so until become flesh in Christ, whose Easter illuminates the meaning of the Name of God.

Jesus, he who is he. The Burning Bush after the empty Sepulchre

“God, he who is”, revealed himself by manifesting his Name and his Glory. Understanding the deep meaning of the words “YHWH” and “Jesus”, and the circumstances in which they were revealed, is fundamental for a better understanding of the divine nature. The Glory of God, visible in the manna. (Ex 16, 4), Sinai (Ex 24, 15), the Tabernacle (Ex 40, 34) and the Temple (2 Cro 5, 11), ceased to be so until become flesh in Christ, whose Easter illuminates the meaning of the Name of God.

Kripke´s necessity of biological origin and Aristotle´s hypothetical necessity of efficient cause. A comparison

This paper tries a reduction of one the so called properties of origin defended by Saul Kripke into Aristotelian terms. In special, we comment several passages from the Metaphysics, the Physics, and the main biological works as well, in order to show that Aristotle´s hypothetical necessity of efficient cause is formally equivalent to the necessity of biological origin.

IN MEMORIAM María Celestina Donadío Maggi de Gandolfi

On Monday, August 17, 2020, María Celestina Donadío Maggi de Gandolfi, known to her friends, colleagues and students, among whom I count myself, as Marycel, departed to the House of the Father. It is a great loss for his friends and family, but also for the academy and, especially, for the Spanish-speaking Thomism, who will miss his impetus and his strength when it comes to spreading the thought of Aquinate.

Hispanic Thomist Bibliography of the Year 2019

Continuing the repertoire started seven years ago, in this issue of Espíritu we collect the 2019 Hispanic Thomist bibliography. With the adjective “Hispanic” we specify that this catalog includes publications in any of the languages born in ancient Hispania: Spanish, Portuguese and Galician, Catalan and Basque

The Unity of the Church in the work of Carlos Alberto Sacheri. 25 years after the Ut unum Sint of Saint John Paul II

In the Encyclical Letter Ut unum synt, Saint John Paul II recalls that:
“Before his Passion, Jesus himself prayed that” they may all be one “(Jn 17:21). This unity, which the Lord gave to his Church and in which he wants to embrace all, is not accessory, but is in the the very center of his work. It is not equivalent to a secondary attribute of the community of his disciples. It belongs to the very being of the community. God wants the Church, because he wants unity and in unity the whole depth of his agape is expressed. “